Metaverse resources and projects on GitHub

Monday 26th July, 2021 - Bruce Sterling

Awesome Metaverse

List of awesome projects and information resources about the Metaverse. Since there are many competing ideas about what the Metaverse is, feel free to leave feedback in the form of pull requests, issues, and comments. You can also reach us through discord.

• WebXR Explainer – What is WebXR and what are the use-cases?
• Awesome WebVR – Curated list of awesome WebVR packages and resources
• Exokit – WebXR meta-browsers, engines, avatar systems, and more
◦ Exokit overview – Unofficial overview of the Exokit toolkit
◦ Exokit Web – The web metaverse engine
◦ Exokit Web 2 – Make the API simpler and easier to understand
• Webaverse – Make spatial web objects you own using open standards

Social VR
Open Source

• Janus Guide – JanusXR is an open source 3D browser and visual editor
• JanusWeb – Web framework for building interconnected virtual reality experiences
• Hubs – Multi-user virtual spaces in WebXR, made by Mozilla
• Spoke – Easily create custom 3D environments
• Three.js editor – Web editor for three.js
• Babylonjs editor – Web editor for babylon.js
• High Fidelity – Open source VR software platform (Deprecated)
• Vircadia – Community maintained fork of High Fidelity
• Tivoli Cloud – Open source fork of High Fidelity
• Decentraland – A blockchain-based virtual world
• Webaverse – A universe of 3D apps that work everywhere
• XR3ngine – Open source framework for building scalable realtime social apps

• Cryptovoxels – Virtual world owned by its users
• Somnium Space – Persistent blockchain based virtual world
• NeosVR – Engine designed to accelerate the development of social VR applications
• VRChat – Biggest social VR platform with UGC of worlds and avatars
• Roblox – Massive online multiplayer UGC gaming platform
• Omniverse – Real-time simulation and collaboration platform for 3D production pipelines

Avatar Providers
• Ready Player Me – Cross-game Avatar Platform for the Metaverse
• VRoid Hub – Platform for uploading humanoid VRM avatars
• Cryptoavatars – Unique VRM avatars on the Ethereum blockchain

Protocols and Standards
• Dat – a peer-to-peer protocol
• IPFS – a peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol
• glTF – Runtime 3D asset delivery
• VRM – File format for 3D humanoid avatars
• Ethereum – Decentralized world computer
• WebXR – Accessing VR/AR hardware on the web
• Open Metaverse Interoperability – Protocols for interoperable virtual worlds

• Neuromancer – (80s) Defined the Cyberpunk genre and the term Cyberspace
• Snow Crash – (90s) Coined the term Metaverse as a successor to the Internet
• Ready Player One – (2011) Hit book that later became a Spielberg movie
• Ready Player Two – (2020) Sequel to Ready Player One
• Rainbows End – (2006) Increasingly digital/virtual world with ubiquitous computing
• Idoru – Virtual celebrities and decentralized virtual worlds, Book #2 in Bridge Trilogy
• The Spatial Web – How web 3.0 will connect humans, machines and AI to transform the world

Articles and Blogs

• The Metaverse Primer – 9 Part series from Matthew Ball
• Matthew Ball – The Future of Media: Movies, the Metaverse, and More – Investor field guide to the Metaverse
• The Metaverse by Matthew Ball – What It Is, Where to Find it, Who Will Build It, and Fortnite
• A Primer on the Metaverse – Venturebeat article on the next iteration of the Internet
• Parts List for the Metaverse – List by Philip Rosedale
• The Metaverse Explained – Loup Ventures take on the Metaverse in 4 parts
• Metaversing – Exploring issues related to the Metaverse and design choices and challenges
• Makers Guide to the Metaverse – 2015 article on 5 principles to build into the Metaverse
• Metaverse Lab – Experiments with VR/AR, Neural Networks, and 3D Internet
• PUDDLES to OASIS – Wired article on connecting disparate virtual worlds
• A Multiverse, not the metaverse – 5 Part series on Multiversing by Techcrunch
• The library inside Minecraft and our future in the Metaverse – The Uncensored Library
• Roblox believes user-generated content will bring us the Metaverse – Roblox wants players to build the metaverse
• Balaji Srinivasan on Building a “Pseudonymous Economy” – Pseudonymity is already the norm in virtual worlds
• The Economy of the Metaverse – Interview with Epic CEO Tim Sweeney
• Mark Zuckerberg Metaverse Interview – Zuck on Facebook becoming ‘a Metaverse Company’
• The Metaverse is Everything – Article by Doug Thompson on why we’re talking about the Metaverse now


• Into the Void: Where Crypto Meets The Metaverse – Piers Kicks article on blockchain based underpinnings for an open Metaverse
• The Open Metaverse OS – Exploration & framework for how web3 innovations converge with The Metaverse
• Larping Ethereum – Look into NFT Value from Interoperable Utility
• Interoperability in the Blockchain Gaming World – Ideas about connecting blockchain based virtual worlds
• The Virtual Economy – Stunning wbesite presentation about the intersection of crypto and virtual worlds
• Zima Red – NFTs, Virtual Worlds, Blockchain Games
• NFT Canon – Go-to resource curated by a16z about NFTs
• The Great Online Game – Blog post about the multiplayer meta game of the Internet

White Papers

• Somnium Space Economy
• The Sandbox Game Whitepaper
• Decentraland Whitepaper
• Webaverse Whitepaper


• M3-org Research – Open research conducted by builders and makers of the Metaverse
• urn-namespaces – A common identifier for assets across the metaverse
• Anarchy Arcade – Advanced 3D desktop and shortcut launcher built on Source engine
◦ MetaShortcutFormat – Spec to dynamically generate rich presence representations for generic shortcuts
• Emergent web metaverse – Looking at the web’s past to catalyze conditions for the future Metaverse
• Hubs Master Plan – Hubs / Spoke plans for the emerging web Metaverse
• Metaverse Standards Overview (2014) – From the IEEE Virtual World Standard Working Group
• Tim Sweeney at SIGGRAPH 2019 – Foundational Principles & Technologies for the Metaverse
• Solipsis – Toward a Peer-to-Peer Shared Virtual Reality
◦ Solipsis Presentation – Slideshow version
• 3D Virtual Worlds and the Metaverse – Current Status and Future Possibilities
• Metaverse Reading List – Topics for informed metaverse discussion by TrevorFSmith
• – Metaverse interoperability projects and experiments